Iran since the Islamic revolution – News Vibe24

    Iran since the Islamic revolution - Times of India
    TEHRAN: As Iran inaugurates its new president, Ebrahim Raisi, a recap of the country’s milestones since the 1979 revolution that toppled the US-backed monarchy and established an Islamic republic.
    After months of protests, on January 16, 1979, US-backed Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi left the country.
    Revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns triumphantly from exile in Paris on February 1st.
    Ten days later, the Shah’s government falls. Public radio welcomes “the end of 2,500 years of despotism”.
    Islamic Republic is proclaimed on April 1.
    Radical students take 52 American hostages to the US embassy in Tehran on November 4, 1979, to protest the former shah’s admission to a United States hospital.
    Washington severed diplomatic relations in 1980. The hostages were released only on January 21, 1981, after 444 days in captivity.
    Iraq invades Iran on September 22, 1980, after Iraqi President Saddam Hussein tore up the 1975 Satt-Arab Strategic Waterway Treaty.
    This triggers an exhausting eight-year war that is estimated to have cost hundreds of thousands of lives on both sides.
    It ends on 20 August 1988 with a UN-mediated ceasefire.
    Khomeini dies on June 3, 1989. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, president since 1981, becomes supreme leader.
    Moderate conservative Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani is elected president.
    Re-elected in 1993, he orchestrates a relative government opening and post-war reconstruction.
    Rafsanjani’s reformist successor, Mohammad Khatami, has faced conservative opposition during his two terms from 1997 to 2005.
    In 1999, the government faced the largest protests since 1979, bringing pro-Khatami students against the police.
    US President George W. Bush has cited Iran as part of an anti-US “axis of evil” with Iraq and North Korea, accusing it of supporting terrorism.
    Populist Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was elected president in June 2005.
    During his tenure, Iran resumes uranium enrichment. This worries the West, which suspects Tehran of wanting to develop a nuclear weapon, something Iran has consistently denied.
    The crackdown on nationwide protests against the controversial re-election of Ahmadinejad in 2009 is hampering the reform movement.
    The election of moderate cleric Hassan Rohani as president in 2013 marks a warming of international relations.
    Iran concludes an agreement on its nuclear program with six world powers on July 14, 2015 after 21 months of negotiations.
    Relieves Tehran of sweeping economic sanctions in exchange for limits on its individual activities.
    In January 2016, Iran’s regional rival, Saudi Arabia, and its allies severed or severed ties following the execution of prominent Sunni cleric Nimr al-Nimr by the Sunni kingdom.
    US President Donald Trump, on May 8, 2018, abandons the nuclear deal and begins to impose unilateral sanctions on Iran.
    A year later, Tehran is gradually beginning to back down from its commitments.
    On January 3, 2020, a U.S. drone strike killed Iran’s top commander, Qasim Suleimani, in Iraq, raising fears of a direct confrontation following a series of Gulf shipping incidents.
    Since February 2021, Iran and Israel – which have been fighting for years directly or indirectly in Lebanon, Syria and the Gaza Strip – have been involved in a sea battle, blaming each other for a series of ship attacks by both two sides.
    Former Justice Minister Ibrahim Raisi wins the June presidential election, when more than half of voters remain out of the running, with many political heavyweights banned.

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